Obesity is a major health problem faced by the world today. Apart from being a constant bother, it causes psychological and social problems as well. A lot of patients suffering from obesity also suffer from obesity related depression. Hence, there are numerous methods to reduce obesity. Weight loss surgeries are one such method, but it requires serious thought and a doctor’s recommendation.
Need for best weight loss surgery
Dieting, exercising and medication are the usual methods to combat obesity. Since the results achieved from these methods are very little and these methods require long term adherence, best weight loss surgery is an option people are willing to take up.
Weight loss surgery falls under bariatric surgeries and is further classified into
- Restrictive procedures
These procedures reduce the size of the stomach making a person feel satisfied even after eating very less food. It also causes a person to feel ‘full’ for a longer amount of time. The various options available in this type are:
- RNY (Roux-en-Y) Gastric Bypass ( proximal or short limb)
- Adjustable Gastric Bending or Lap Band Surgery
- Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
- Malabsorptive procedures
Malabsorptive procedures cause permanent changes to the patient’s anatomy. Some examples are shortening the size of the small intestine and reducing the size of the stomach. These changes help to either reduce the amount of food requires or to reduce the calories absorbed by the body.
The following surgeries fall under malabsorptive procedures
- Duodenal Switch
- Bilopancreatic Diversion
- Combination of both
Some of the common options available are
- Distal gastric bypass
This is a very frequently performed and is considered as the best weight loss surgery. This surgery connects the stomach to the lower portion of the small intestine, bypassing certain portions of the jejunum and the duodenum. The portion of the intestine between the proximal small intestine connection and the stomach pouch is termed as the ‘roux limb’. Proximal (short limb) and distal (long limb) gastric bypass surgeries can be performed either by means of laparoscopy or in an open manner. People with a BMI in the range of 35 to 40 affected by severe problems such as severe sleep apnea, heart diseases or diabetes can consider these surgeries as a serious course of action.
Liposcution or abdominoplasty involves surgically excising excess fat from the lower abdomen. This can be used to reduce fat from different regions of the body such as arms, stomach, thighs, face, chin, etc. Body Contouring, Breast Reduction Surgery are other popular surgery options.
Risks associated with best weight loss surgery
There is no free lunch in life. Everything comes with its own fair share of problems. Weight loss surgeries carry their own risks with them such as
- Bowel obstruction
- Blood clots
Patients who undergo gastric bypass surgeries are observed to have dumping syndrome, mineral and vitamin deficiencies, etc. Patients suffering from conditions such as sleep apnea, hypertension, heartburn, joint pain and diabetes are advised to undergo these surgeries and in 90% of the cases, the surgery has been found to solve or at least improve the condition.